About one mile northwest lies Hickison Summit, a natural pass between two low buttes. Passes and canyons were common Native American hunting locations for funneling and ambushing bighorn sheep and deer herds. Archaeological sites in the region reveal a dominance of bighorn bones and horn, reflecting the bighorn’s importance to Native Americans as food and raw material for tool production. The bighorn lacked resistance to diseases introduced by domestic sheep in the nineteenth century, and this resulted in catastrophic bighorn population declines throughout the West. Federal and state wildlife programs are reintroducing bighorn herds to their former range in Nevada.
At the Bureau of Land Management’s Hickison Petroglyph Recreation Area north of the pass, prehistoric Native American petroglyphs, images and designs carved into a rock surface, are interpreted along a short hiking trail. Archaeologists hypothesize that the meanings for these designs include: ceremonial, female puberty markers; ritual hunting magic symbols; and rock art or simply graffiti.